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How exactly the “r-PET” be made

r-PET, or recycled polyethylene terephthalate, is a type of plastic that is made from recycled PET plastic bottles and containers. The process of producing r-PET involves several steps:

  1. Collection and Sorting: Used PET plastic bottles and containers are collected from recycling programs, waste streams, and collection centers. These items are then sorted to separate PET plastic from other types of plastic.
  2. Cleaning: The collected PET plastic is cleaned to remove any contaminants, such as labels, caps, and food residue. The cleaning process can involve washing, shredding, and further separation of materials.
  3. Shredding: The cleaned PET plastic is mechanically shredded into small pieces or flakes. This increases the surface area of the plastic, making it easier to process.
  4. Decontamination: The shredded PET flakes undergo a decontamination process to remove any remaining impurities, such as residual chemicals, colors, or odors. This step is crucial to ensure the quality of the final r-PET material.
  5. Melting and Extrusion: The decontaminated PET flakes are then melted down at high temperatures. The molten PET is then extruded through a fine screen to remove any remaining contaminants and to create uniform pellets.
  6. Polymerization: The PET pellets, which are made from recycled PET, are mixed with a small percentage of virgin PET pellets. This mixture is then polymerized (re-polymerized) to form long polymer chains. This step helps restore the mechanical properties of the recycled material, as PET can degrade during the recycling process.
  7. Pelletizing: The polymerized mixture is cooled and solidified, resulting in small pellets of r-PET. These pellets can then be used in various manufacturing processes to produce a wide range of products, such as bottles, packaging, textiles, and more.
  8. Product Manufacturing: The r-PET pellets can be used in the same manufacturing processes as virgin PET pellets. They can be melted and molded into various shapes using processes like injection molding or blow molding to create new products.

Using r-PET helps reduce the demand for new virgin plastic production, conserves resources, and reduces the environmental impact associated with plastic waste. Additionally, r-PET has similar properties to virgin PET, making it suitable for a wide range of applications.

It’s important to note that the quality and properties of r-PET can vary based on the recycling process and the quality of the collected plastic. Effective sorting, cleaning, and decontamination are crucial steps to produce high-quality r-PET materials.

r-PET(即回收聚對苯二甲酸乙二醇酯)是一種由回收 PET 塑料瓶和容器製成的塑料。 r-PET 的生產過程包括幾個步驟:

收集和分類:從回收計劃、廢物流和收集中心收集用過的 PET 塑料瓶和容器。 然後對這些物品進行分類,將 PET 塑料與其他類型的塑料分開。

清潔:清潔收集到的 PET 塑料,去除任何污染物,例如標籤、瓶蓋和食物殘渣。 清潔過程可能包括清洗、粉碎和進一步分離材料。

粉碎:將清潔後的PET塑料機械粉碎成小塊或薄片。 這增加了塑料的表面積,使其更容易加工。

去污:切碎的 PET 薄片經過去污過程,以去除任何殘留的雜質,例如殘留的化學物質、顏色或氣味。 此步驟對於確保最終 r-PET 材料的質量至關重要。

熔化和擠出:淨化後的 PET 薄片隨後在高溫下熔化。 然後將熔融的 PET 通過細篩擠出,以去除任何殘留的污染物並形成均勻的顆粒。

聚合:由回收 PET 製成的 PET 顆粒與少量原生 PET 顆粒混合。 然後將該混合物聚合(再聚合)以形成長聚合物鏈。 此步驟有助於恢復回收材料的機械性能,因為 PET 在回收過程中可能會降解。

造粒:聚合混合物冷卻並固化,形成 r-PET 小顆粒。 這些顆粒隨後可用於各種製造工藝,生產各種產品,例如瓶子、包裝、紡織品等。

產品製造:r-PET 顆粒可採用與原生 PET 顆粒相同的製造工藝。 它們可以通過注塑或吹塑等工藝熔化並模製成各種形狀,以創造新產品。

使用 r-PET 有助於減少對新原生塑料生產的需求,節約資源,並減少與塑料廢物相關的環境影響。 此外,r-PET 具有與原生 PET 相似的特性,使其適用於廣泛的應用。

值得注意的是,r-PET 的質量和特性可能會因回收過程和所收集塑料的質量而異。 有效的分類、清潔和去污是生產高質量 r-PET 材料的關鍵步驟。

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